Liraglutide protects Rin-m5f β cells by reducing procoagulant tissue factor activity and apoptosis prompted by microparticles under conditions mimicking Instant Blood-Mediated Inflammatory Reaction†

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Instant Blood-Mediated Inflammatory Reaction (IBMIR) occurs at the vicinity of transplanted islets immediately after intraportal infusion and is characterized by cytokine secretion, tissue factor (TF) expression, and ß cell loss. Microparticles (MPs) are cellular effectors shed from the plasma membrane of apoptotic cells. Modulation of the properties of ß cell-derived MPs by liraglutide was assessed in a cellular model designed to mimic IBMIR oxidative and inflammatory conditions. Rin-m5f rat β cells were stimulated by H2O2 or a combination of IL-1β and TNF-α. Cell-derived MPs were applied to naive Rin-m5f for 24 h. Apoptosis, MP release, TF activity, P-IκB expression, and MP-mediated apoptosis were measured in target cells. Direct protection by liraglutide was shown by a significant decrease in the oxidative stress-induced apoptosis (18.7% vs. 7.6%, P < 0.0001 at 1 μm liraglutide) and cellular TF activity (−40% at 100 nm liraglutide). Indirect cytoprotection led to 20% reduction in MP generation, thereby lowering MP-mediated apoptosis (6.3% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.022) and NF-κB activation (−50%) in target cells. New cytoprotective effects of liraglutide were evidenced, limiting the expression of TF activity by ß cells and the generation of noxious MPs. Altogether, these data suggest that liraglutide could target pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory MPs in transplanted islets.

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