To improve the technique of suprahepatic vena cava (SHVC) reconstruction in rat OLT, novel magnetic rings were designed and manufactured to facilitate reconstruction of SHVC and shorten the anhepatic time. One-hundred and twenty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: rings group (n = 30), using magnetic rings for SHVC reconstruction; suture group (n = 30), 7/0 prolene suture was used for SHVC running anastomosis as control. Cuff techniques were used for portal vein and infrahepatic vena cava reconstruction as Kamada and Calne described. The bile duct was reconnected with a stent. The hepatic re-arterialization was omitted. In the rings group, the SHVC reconstruction took 0.91 ± 0.24 (mean ± SD) min; the anhepatic phase and the recipient operation time were 5.63 ± 0.65 min and 36.02 ± 8.02 min, respectively. In suture group, the anastomotic time of SHVC was 10.40 ± 2.11 min; the anhepatic phase and the recipient operation time were 17.76 ± 2.51 and 49.38 ± 12.06 min, respectively, and there was statistically significant difference between the two groups. The ALT levels reached peak at 24 h post-OLT (186.2 ± 32.5 IU/l) and restored to normal level at 96 h gradually. In the rings group, 29 of 30 rats survived at day 7 and 28 of 30 rats survived at day 30. In contrast, only 25 of 30 recipients in suture group remained alive at day 7 and 22 of 30 remained alive at day 30 (P < 0.05). Better anastomotic healing was founded in rings group by pathology and scanning electron microscope. The magnetic rings technique provides a novel, simple method for SHVC reconstruction of OLT in rat. It significantly shortens anhepatic phase, while the success rate of the operation is satisfactory.