Lung transplant after prolonged ex vivo lung perfusion: predictors of allograft function in swine

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Portable normothermic EVLP has been evaluated in clinical trials using standard and extended-criteria donor lungs. We describe a swine model of lung transplant following donation after circulatory death using prolonged normothermic EVLP to assess the relationship between EVLP data and acute lung allograft function. Adult swine were anesthetized and heparinized. In the control group (n = 4), lungs were procured, flushed, and transplanted. Treatment swine underwent either standard procurement (n = 3) or agonal hypoxia followed by 1 (n = 4) or 2 hours (H) (n = 4) of ventilated warm ischemia. Lungs were preserved for 24H using normothermic blood-based EVLP then transplanted. Recipients were monitored for 4 H. After 24H of preservation, mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) were improved in all EVLP groups. After transplant, EVLP groups showed similar allograft oxygenation. EVLP PVR, mPAP, and lung block weights had significant negative correlations with post-transplant allograft oxygenation. EVLP P:F ratio did not correlate with acute post-transplant allograft function until 24H of preservation. Data measured in the first 8H of EVLP were sufficient for predicting acute post-transplant allograft function. This study provides a benchmark and platform for evaluation of therapies for donor-related allograft injury in injured lungs treated with prolonged normothermic EVLP.

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