CYCLOSPORINE INCREASES RENAL PARATHYROID HORMONE-RELATED PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN VIVO IN THE RAT1

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Abstract

Background.

Clinical use of cyclosporine (CsA) is limited by its known nephrotoxicity. Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) increases after acute renal ischemia and stimulates proliferation of renal cells in culture. Herein, we have examined whether the renal expression of PTHrP and its PTH/PTHrP receptor is affected by chronic CsA nephrotoxicity.

Methods.

Rats were randomly assigned to receive daily intramuscular injections of either CsA (25 mg/kg) or the same volume of the vehicle olive oil (control) for 3 weeks. At this time interval, under ether anesthesia, rat blood and kidneys were obtained for analytical determinations, and total RNA isolation or immunohistochemistry, respectively.

Results.

Serum urea was 11±2 and 6±1 mmol/L(P<0.01) in CsA-treated and control rats, respectively. We found that PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA was unchanged, but PTHrP mRNA, and also transforming growth factor-β1 mRNA expression as positive control, was about twofold increased in the kidney of CsA-treated rats. This was accompanied by increased PTHrP immunostaining in renal cortical tubules, associated with tubule vacuolation.

Conclusion.

This study demonstrates an up-regulation of PTHrP, associated with chronic CsA-induced nephrotoxicity. Our findings support a role for PTHrP in the CsA-injured kidney.

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