Fas LIGAND, TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-α EXPRESSION, AND APOPTOSIS DURING ALLOGRAFT REJECTION AND TOLERANCE

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Abstract

Background.

Cytotoxic T cells can induce target cell lysis and apoptosis by different pathways. The interactions of CD95 antigen (Fas) with its ligand (CD95L) and of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α with its receptor (TNF-R1) lead to apoptotic cell death. Recently, conflicting studies have been published concerning the expression and the role of CD95L in allograft rejection and tolerance.

Methods.

In this study, the intragraft expression of CD95/CD95L and TNF-α and the frequency and distribution of apoptotic cells were compared in a model of heterotopic cardiac allograft in the rat in which recipients were either not treated (acute rejection) or pretreated with donor-specific blood transfusion (tolerant).

Results.

In the acutely rejected allografts, a peak in the expression of CD95L and TNF-α and in the number of apoptotic cells was observed during the first week after transplantation; apoptotic cells were confined to graft-infiltrating cells. In the tolerated allografts, however, levels of graft-infiltrating cell apoptosis and CD95L and TNF-α expression during the same period of time were dramatically lower. The expression of Fas was constitutive and was not modulated during acute rejection or tolerance.

Conclusion.

This down-regulation of CD95L and TNF-α in allografts rendered tolerant by donor-specific transfusion suggests a role for apoptosis-inducing pathways in acute allograft rejection.

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