A renal transplant patient developed chronic and progressive back and lower extremity pain followed by foot weakness. The correct diagnosis of lumbosacral plexopathy was made after electromyography and nerve conduction studies and the etiology of radiculopathy due to nerve root compression was excluded. This prompted further investigations that led to the discovery of a large internal iliac artery pseudoaneurysm. We emphasize the use of electrodiagnostic studies to investigate patients with back and limb pain for correctly localizing responsible pathology. In this case a potentially lethal situation was correctly identified in a transplant patient.