Systematic Comparison of Four Cell- and Luminex-Based Methods for Assessment of Complement-Activating HLA Antibodies

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

Efforts to increase the specificity and sensitivity of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody detection assays recently led to the establishment of two novel Luminex bead-based assays to detect complement-activating antibodies by the assessment of complement products C1q or C4d. Here, we present a systematic comparison of the four methods, complement-dependent lymphocytotoxicity (CDC) and C1q-, C4d-, and IgG-Luminex, to assess or predict the complement-binding capability of HLA IgG antibodies.

Methods

Forty-five sera of highly immunized patients have been assessed by in-house modified C1q- and C4d-Luminex assays and compared with standard CDC and IgG-Luminex.

Results

Antibody specificities assigned by the C1q- and C4d-Luminex assay revealed an excellent concordance of 94% and 97% for HLA class I and II, respectively. Complement-fixing HLA class II antibodies were found less frequently among IgG antibodies compared with class I. Both C1q- and C4d-Luminex detected, on average, three times more specificities than CDC. Although we found a high correlation of mean fluorescence intensity values between C1q- and C4d-Luminex assays, IgG mean fluorescence intensity was not a suitable surrogate marker for the prediction of complement binding.

Conclusions

C1q- and C4d-Luminex assays are characterized by an increased sensitivity and specificity compared with CDC, the current standard in detecting complement-fixing HLA antibodies. Pretransplantation risk assessment for transplantation but also posttransplantation monitoring are important applications for both assays to improve overall allograft survival.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles