Hyperhomocysteinemia and Assessment of Its Associated Factors in Renal Transplant Recipients: A Single-Center Study in Northern Iran

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Abstract

Introduction

Hyperhomocysteinemia (hyperHcy) is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis, which is currently a major cause of death in renal transplant patients (RTRs). The aim of this study was to determine the associated factors of hyperHcy in RTRs in northern Iran.

Methods

In 148 stable RTRs, total serum homocysteine (tHcy) level, folate, serum albumin and creatinine, creatinine clearance, lipid status, body mass index (BMI), and blood cyclosporine levels (C0 and C2) were determined. The mean doses of cyclosporine A (mg/kg/day) were recorded.

Results

In this analytic cross-sectional study the prevalence of hyperHcy was 70.3%. Hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as total serum homocysteine of 12 μmol/L or greater. The comparison of the group of 44 patients with tHcy level less than 12 and the group of 104 patients with tHcy level of 12 μmol/L or greater revealed that those subjects with hyperHcy were mostly younger, male, with lower BMI, history of glomerulonephritis, higher serum level of uric acid, and blood cyclosporine trough level (C0) and used higher doses of cyclosporine A. Significant correlation was found between tHcy level and recipients age, serum creatinine, BUN, folate concentrations, and creatinine clearance. However, multivariate analysis indicated that serum folate (P=0.01), vitamin B12 (P=0.05), creatinine (P=0.03), and BUN (P=0.05), and blood cyclosporine trough level (C0, P=0.005) were independently associated with tHcy levels.

Conclusion

HyperHcy persists after successful kidney transplantation in the majority of RTRs. Serum creatinine, BUN, folate and vitamin B12, and blood cyclosporine trough level (C0) are independently associated with tHcy levels.

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