Gender Difference of Attitude and Willingness towards Kidney Donation and Sale among Chinese Medical Students

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Abstract

Objectives

Since kidney is the primary organ in need for transplantation, it is of significance in unveiling gender difference of willingness and attitudes towards kidney donation and sale among Chinese medical students in a hypothetical regulated kidney market.

Methods

This quantitative research was studied among Chinese female and male medical students by using a 34-item piloted questionnaire. The data was analyzed by GraphPad Prism Software.

Results

320 participants at a median age of 24 years were surveyed. Twenty percent of the surveyed medical students would consider selling a kidney in a regulated kidney market. Among them, 68.2% would sell only to overcome a particularly difficult financial situation. Only 37 out of 107 (34.6%) endorsing a regulated market would be willing to sell a kidney. Gender difference had a marginal association with willingness to sell a kidney (p=0.0831), whereas the religiosity and socio-economic status of respondents were significantly related with willingness to donate a living- or posthumous kidney (see fig. 1).

Conclusions

Our results preliminarily indicated the willingness and attitude of Chinese medical students toward organ sale in such a hypothetical regulated kidney market. Attitudes toward legalizing a regulated kidney market and willingness to sell a kidney are not consistent. Gender imbalance, religiosity and socio-economic status may exert different impacts on the decision-making process for organ disposition.

Conclusions

Keywords: gender difference, attitude, kidney sale, donation, Chinese students

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