Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychological Treatment Programs for Organ Donor Family

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Abstract

Background

The Korea Organ Donation Agency (KODA) provides various bereavement support programs to donor family. This study attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of the psychotherapy program by comparing the average scores according to the application of the psychotherapy program and to suggest the basis and direction of the family care service in the future.

Methods

According to the PHQ-9 scale intervention guideline as a selective study in which a psychotherapy program was applied to a group of severely depressed subjects with a score of 15 or more. Thus, by dividing the participants into 15 psychological treatment program participants and 15 non-participants, the depression, life satisfaction, and resilience were pre- and post-tested at three month intervals and compared with the mean scores, and retrospective analysis was performed based on the derived results. Depression scores were assessed using the PHQ-9 scale, the SWLS scale was used to evaluate life satisfaction, and the Korean version CD-RISC scale was used to evaluate resilience assessment.

Results

The depression scores of the psychotherapy program participants were lower than the non-participants by an average of −1.53 points, but there was no statistically significant difference. Life satisfaction scores were found to show an average 6.13 points higher in the psychotherapy program participants than in non-participants, demonstrating that the life satisfaction of the participants increased more compared to non-participants (t=3.446, p<.01). And the resilience of the psychotherapy program participants was found to be higher than that of the non-participants by 6.07 points, demonstrating that the resilience of the participants increased more compared to non-participants (t=2.909, p<.01).

Conclusion

Through the results of this study, it was confirmed that the participants had a greater degree of change than the non-participants, and that the psychological treatment program proved effective in life satisfaction and resilience. However, there was a limit to the size of the sample in this study, making it difficult to generalize the results, and the effect of depression scores was relatively small. To overcome these limitations, additional follow-up studies are required, such as analyzing the effect of each session by classifying sessions by treatment factor of the psychotherapy program or re-examining the effectiveness of psychotherapy program by increasing the sample size.

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