Experience of Children Undergoing During and After Bone Marrow Transplantation Procedure

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Abstract

Backgrounds

Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) involves a lenghty hospital admission in an isolated environment to prevent infection and treatment with high immunosupression followed infusions of donor bone marrow. Thus, BMT has profound effect on the lives of children. There are many studies about parents/caregivers’ experiences regarding own children’s bone marrow transplantation/stem cell transplantation procedures. However, you can find limited studies about children’s experiences in literature.

Aim

The aim of this study was to identify children’s experience undergoing during and after BMT prosedures.

Methods

Using a qualitative descriptive desing, seven children, six boys and one girl between 7 and 15 years, were interviewed. Subjects’ responses were taped-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed by using content analysis.

Finding

Themes emerged from in four categories; (i) changing life style (family life, school life, amusement, activities), (ii) isolation, (iii) feeling and reactions (fear of painful procedure, frightening procedure), (iv) medical treatment and side effect.

Conclusion

Pediatric nurses in transplantation unit are in a exellent position to offer support and guidance to children undergoing BMT should encourage them to explore experience during BMT procedure.

References

1. Arpi Manookian, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Monireh Asadi, Children's lived experiences of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Nursing & Health Sciences Volume 16, Issue 3, pages 314–320, September 2014.

References

2. Marta Tremolada, Sabrina Bonichini, Marta Pillon, Chiara Messina, Modesto Carli, Quality of life and psychosocial sequelae in children undergoing hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation: A review, Pediatric Transplantation Volume 13, Issue 8, Version of Record online: 8 JUN 2009.

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