Few Gender Differences in Attitudes and Experiences after Live Kidney Donation, with Minor Changes over Time

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BackgroundWe sought to study gender differences and differences over time with respect to demographics, relation to recipient, donor motives, and experiences of live kidney donation.Material/MethodsIn all, 455 consecutive live kidney donors, representing all of the donors at our center between 1974 and 2008 were considered for this study. There were 28 deceased donors and 14 donors who had moved abroad, leaving 413 donors; 387 (94%) agreed to participate in this study. A questionnaire was sent and the answers was analyzed for gender differences and, where relevant, for changes over time.ResultsIn all sub-periods, female donors made up the majority (55–62%), except for sibling donors (45%) and child to-parent donors (40%). No significant gender differences were seen in perceived information given before donation. For males, it was more common that the recipient took the initiative to donate. For females, the motivation for donating was more frequently to help the recipient and because others wanted them to donate. For males, it was more common to feel a moral obligation. Post-operatively, females more frequently felt sad and experienced nausea, and more frequently felt that the donation had a positive impact on their lifes. With the introduction of minimally invasive surgical techniques, donors experienced fewer problems from the operation, with no gender difference.ConclusionsFemales donate more frequently than males, a difference that did not change over time. Only a few gender differences were seen in donor motives and the donation experience; however, these differences may be relevant to address the gender imbalance in kidney donations.

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