Establishing a Core Outcome Measure for Life Participation: A Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology – Kidney Transplantation (SONG-Tx) Consensus Workshop Report.

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Life participation is a critically important outcome for kidney transplant recipients but it is inconsistently and infrequently measured in trials. We convened a consensus workshop on establishing a core outcome measure for life participation for use in all trials in kidney transplantation.


Twenty-five (43%) kidney transplant recipients/caregivers and 33 (57%) health professionals from eight countries participated. Transcripts were analyzed thematically.


Four themes were identified. Returning to normality illustrated the patients’ desires to fulfil their given role and re-establish a normal lifestyle. Recognizing the diverse meaning of ‘life’ explicitly acknowledged life participation as a subjective outcome that may refer to different activities for different patients. Capturing fluctuations in issues post-transplant recognized the long-term impact of transplantation and emphasized the need to consider time since receiving the transplant. Having a scientifically rigorous, feasible and meaningful measure would facilitate the consistent and frequent assessment of life participation in trials.


A simple and inexpensive core outcome measure for life participation will allow this important outcome to be consistently and meaningfully assessed in trials in kidney transplantation to inform decision-making and care of patients

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