Skin Involvement in Kidney Allograft Patients.

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Abstract

Introduction

The skin pathology in renal transplant patients is determined by the effects of immunosuppressive therapy, the main risk factor, on a skin that accumulated the secondary effects of renal dialysis therapy. It causes a wide spectrum of dermatoses, from those inherent to the drug itself to infectious and neoplastic complications, thus increasing the morbidity and mortality of these patients.

Materials and Methods

Descriptive observational study, which included 101 kidney transplant patients from the Renal Transplant Service of the Centennial Provincial Hospital of Rosario, Argentina, during the period between 2013 and 2015.

Results

Out of a total of 101 patients with kidney transplantation, the most frequently observed skin manifestation was xerosis, 60% of cases, followed by alterations in the nails in 54% and alteration of cutaneous pigmentation in 31%. The infectious pathology represented 38% of the cases, predominating superficial mycosis. Only two patients presented non-melanoma skin cáncer.

Conclusions

In agreement with the world bibliography, we observed a greater number of infectious dermatoses, in relation to the tumoral pathologies, and the influence of time and the type of immunosuppression in the development thereof.

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