Using Informatic Education Strategy to Break Through the Dilemma of Teaching Transplantation in Medical Institutions – Compare medical and administrative informatic team perspectives

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Abstract

Background

In Taiwan, the present survival rate after transplant one year are over 80%. However, the organ/tissue donors per year in Taiwan is too less to resulting in many patients died for no longer waiting. This phenomenon is true in Taiwan, Europe and U.S.A. In the recent five years, data from the "Taiwan Organ Regisry and Sharing Center" shew that although organ/tissue fundraising had a slight increase, the number of donors does not exhibit responding growth trend. The challenges are identifying appropriate donor, and providing good quality of organ transplantation care among health team members. As such, how to apply informatic technology education for organ transplantation professionals has been suggested.

Method

This project attempts to apply face-to-face indepth interviews and qualitative content analysis in 4 general hospitals and 3 medical centers.

Result

Total of 14 interviews were conducted during this period: nearly half of men and women were interviewed, aged 35–45 years with a total average age of 41.1.Education mainly in Master. Religious belief, mainly in Taoism, and No religious belief. In terms of positions, Physician, Nurse include supervisor, nurse practitioner, coordinator, Nursing expert; the administrative include quality control commissioner, pharmacist, social worker, medical informatics expert, informatic education expert, and motor professor (42.9%). Years of funding ranged from 5 to 30 years (±18.4 years).

Result

Overall, the interviewees reflected the current status and dilemmas of medical institutions in conducting organ fundraising/donation/transplantation related businesses. They included 6 core themes. In the difficulties and proposals for education and training, the 4 core themes are summarized. Even the hospital conducts relevant education and training courses or sets relevant propaganda product promote the concept of the policy. However, the employees still need some assistance in the process of implementing the related business. Therefore, on the actual demand, combining the integral certification, designing interaction informatic education series as only 15–20 minutes of a single class model to provide related courses on organ fundraising/donation/transplantation is in line of the clinic.

Conclusions

The results discover the current organ fundraising/donation/transplantation inadequate education courses, thus fully understand the multidiscipline medical staff’s idea and need of this related issue. It is advisable to follow this study and script theory to develop a theoretical construct to develop complete curriculum framework, and establish a complete fit-in professional and ethics' organ transplantation/informatic technology learning programs, to increase the inter-disciplinary experience exchange.

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