Heavy Alcohol Use Among Deceased Donors Does Not Impact Recipient Outcomes After Liver Transplantation

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Abstract

Background

Data on liver transplant (LT) outcomes using deceased donors with heavy drinking (HD) (>2 drinks per day) are scanty.

Methods

Using the United Network for Organ Sharing database (2002-2014), we examined outcomes after LT in adults comparing deceased HD donors with non-HD (ND) donors.

Results

Of 56 182 first LTs performed in the United States for 10 common indications using deceased donors, 47 882 with available information on alcohol use were analyzed. Of these 47 882 LT recipients, 7298 (15%) were from HD donors, with similar proportion over time (2002-2014, Armitage trend test P = 0.75) and for recipient liver disease etiology (χ2P = 0.42). Proportion of liver organ used for LT was lower for HD donors compared with ND donors (63% vs 78%; P < 0.001). Five-year outcomes on first LT comparing 7166 HD donors and 21 498 ND donors matched based on propensity score were similar for liver graft (73.7% vs 73.7%, log rank P = 0.98) and patient survival (77.6% vs 77.0%, P = 0.36). On Cox regression analysis, history of HD in deceased donors did not affect liver graft 1.02 (0.97-1.08) or patient survival 1.03 (0.97-1.09).

Conclusions

Among LT recipients using select liver grafts, history of HD in deceased donors does not impact outcomes after LT.

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