Efficacy of tetrathiomolybdate in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

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Tetrathiomolybdate (TM) is a potent anticopper drug developed for Wilson's disease. We have found multiple efficacious results from decreasing copper levels with TM in mouse models of disease, using serum Cp as a surrogate marker of copper status and targeting Cp values of 20% to 50% of baseline. We have found efficacious results of TM therapy in mouse models of fibrosis; inflammation; damage from exogenous agents, such as acetaminophen and doxorubicin; and immune-modulated diseases, such as concanavalin A hepatitis, collagen II-induced arthritis, and the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model of type I diabetes. In the current study, we examine TM efficacy in the EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS). We find that clinical scores of neurologic damage are significantly inhibited by TM therapy, whether therapy is started before MS-inducing antigen administration or after symptoms from antigen administration develop. Furthermore, we find that experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) treatment produces a marked increase of oxidant damage, as measured by urine isoprostane levels, and TM suppresses these isoprostane increases strongly and significantly. Finally, we find marked increases of inflammatory and immune-related cytokines in this model, and we find that TM strongly and significantly suppresses these increases.

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