Storage of aliquots of apheresis platelets for neonatal use in syringes with and without agitation

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To facilitate volume control in neonates, platelets (PLTs) are aliquoted and stored for short periods in non–gas-permeable syringes before infusion. Although agitation of PLTs during storage in gas-permeable bags is performed to maintain their quality, the effect of syringe agitation during storage is unknown.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Double apheresis PLTs (n = 6) were collected and split, providing two identical products. On Days 2 and 4 of storage, aliquots from one bag of each pair were transferred to two syringes and stored for 6 hours on flatbed agitator or were left at 20 to 24°C without agitation. A series of in vitro tests was performed on Days 0, 2 (Hours 0 and 6), and 4 (Hours 0 and 6). Control samples were obtained from the second matched bag that was stored on the agitator. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance with differences considered significant if the p value was less than 0.05.

RESULTS:

Comparable results for several PLT variables were obtained with or without agitation of the syringes. On Day 4 Hour 6, pH values were 7.18 ± 0.12 (agitated syringes) and 7.19 ± 0.1 (nonagitated syringes), and extent of shape change and hypotonic shock response measurements were not significantly different between agitated syringes and nonagitated syringes (23.7 ± 6.4 and 74.3 ± 9.8% vs. 23.3 ± 5.4 and 76.0 ± 7.6%), respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Based on in vitro testing, apheresis PLT aliquots can be stored in syringes for at least 6 hours without agitation before transfusions.

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