Impact of the mobilization regimen and the harvesting technique on the granulocyte yield in healthy donors for granulocyte transfusion therapy

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Granulocyte mobilization and harvesting, the two major phases of granulocyte collection, have not been standardized.


The data on 123 granulocyte collections were retrospectively investigated for the effect of the mobilization regimen and the harvesting technique. After a single subcutaneous dose (600 μg) of granulocyte–colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) with (n = 68) or without (n = 40) 8 mg of orally administered dexamethasone, 108 granulocyte donors underwent granulocyte collections. Moreover, 15 peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donors who had received 400 μg/m2 or 10 μg/kg G-CSF for 5 days underwent granulocyte collections on the day after the last PBSC collections (PBSC-GTX donors). Granulocyte harvesting was performed by leukapheresis with (n = 108) or without (n = 15) using high-molecular-weight hydroxyethyl starch (HES).


Granulocyte donors who received mobilization with G-CSF plus dexamethasone produced significantly higher granulocyte yields than those who received G-CSF alone (7.2 × 1010 ± 2.0 × 1010 vs. 5.7 × 1010 ± 1.7 × 1010, p = 0.006). PBSC-GTX donors produced a remarkably high granulocyte yield (9.7 × 1010 ± 2.3 × 1010). The use of HES was associated with better granulocyte collection efficiency (42 ± 7.8% vs. 10 ± 9.1%, p < 0.0001).


G-CSF plus dexamethasone produces higher granulocyte yields than G-CSF alone. Granulocyte collection from PBSC donors appears to be a rational strategy, since it produces high granulocyte yields when the related patients are at a high risk for infection and reduces difficulties in finding granulocyte donors. HES should be used in apheresis procedures.

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