Factor predicting total nucleated cell counts in cord blood units

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cord blood (CB) stem cells have been used worldwide in transplant medicine to treat various diseases. The efficacy of stem cells in umbilical CB (UCB) can be predicted by the number of total nucleated cells (TNCs). To optimize the clinical use of stem cells in our population, this study addresses several variables affecting the TNC count.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in a single center from 2012 to 2014. In total, 957 CB units (CBUs) were collected from consented mothers. Data analyses of clinically accepted CBUs were correlated with maternal and infant factors.

RESULTS:

Based on the TNC accepted level of banking, 188 CBUs (19.64%) were rejected. Of the 16 maternal and infant variables evaluated, three factors demonstrated a statistically significant predictive value for the accepted TNC level. CB volume was the best predictive factor (p ≤ 0.0001), followed by newborn birth weight (p = 0.025), and the method of delivery (p = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Several maternal, neonatal, and obstetric factors appear to play a major role in predicting an accepted TNC count, which can be used to improve criteria for the donation of stem cells in CBUs.

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