Double red blood cell collection: comparison of three apheresis systems

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We compared three instruments for double red blood cell (DRBC) collection to efficiently optimize our RBC inventory.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Instruments compared were the TerumoBCT Trima Accel (Trima), the Fenwal Alyx (Alyx), and the Haemonetics MCS+ 8150 (MCS+). Forty consecutive collections (80 products) per instrument were evaluated for hemoglobin (Hb) content, leukoreduction, collection time, instrument efficiency, donor acceptance, and reactions. The total number of whole blood donors who could be eligible for DRBC collection was analyzed. All collections were as per the manufacturer recommendations with target volume of 360 or 400mL. Leukoreduction was integral to the collection procedure for the Alyx and Trima, while it was a separate process for the MCS+.

RESULTS:

The total numbers of whole blood donors who could be eligible for DRBC collection were 10,116 for the MCS+, 9378 for the Alyx, and 8573 for the Trima. All units collected had more than 42.5 g of Hb. Mean Hb levels were as follows: Trima, 59.2 g; Alyx, 56.8 g; and MCS+, 51.5 g. Donor times for the Trima, Alyx, and MCS+ were 52, 45, and 52 minutes, respectively. Technician times for the Trima, Alyx, and MCS+ (without filtration) were 87, 73, and 64 minutes. All collected products had fewer than 5 × 106 white blood cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

All three instruments would be capable of collecting an acceptable leukoreduced DRBC product. The Alyx was most portable, with the shortest donor time and total technician time (considering filtration time) and highest collection efficiency and would collect from more donors than the Trima. We thus chose the Alyx as it best fits the specific needs of our center.

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