Experimental discrimination of plowing friction and shear friction

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The friction of a diamond spherical indenter sliding on CrN coated nitrided steel was investigated. A friction model was proposed that takes into account plowing and shear friction. With the model the separate contributions of substrate properties and surface condition to the friction were successfully extracted: the shear friction coefficient μsh was found to depend exclusively on the surface condition, i.e., not on load on the indenter, hardness of the substrate, and thickness of the coating. On the other hand, the plowing component of friction was independent on surface condition.

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