J.M. Huston, S.R. Eachempati, J.R. Rodney, C. Cayci, D. Fusco, M. Mathew, J. Shou, M.J. Goldstein, S. Kapur, P.S. Barie. Treatment of Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection-associated septic shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome with drotrecogin alfa (activated) in a renal transplant recipient. Transpl Infect Dis 2009: 11: 277–280. All rights reservedAbstract:
We report a case of Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome in a renal transplant recipient complicated by septic shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and Klebsiella pneumoniae superinfection. The patient was treated successfully with drotrecogin alfa (activated), parenteral ivermectin, albendazole, and piperacillin/tazobactam. This outcome suggests that drotrecogin alfa (activated) may be useful therapy for transplant recipients who develop severe sepsis or septic shock secondary to potentially lethal opportunistic infections.