O. Jones, K.O. Cleveland, M.S. Gelfand. A case of disseminated histoplasmosis following autologous stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma: an initial misdiagnosis with a false-positive serum galactomannan assay. Transpl Infect Dis 2009: 11: 281–283. All rights reservedAbstract:
Systemic histoplasmosis is uncommonly reported in patients who have undergone bone marrow or solid organ transplantation. Diagnosis of systemic histoplasmosis in recipients of transplants may be hampered by lack of consideration of this infection in the differential diagnosis and may be confounded by conflicting information from other testing performed to evaluate for opportunistic infections in this population. We report successful treatment of a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in a patient with Hodgkin's lymphoma who had undergone autologous stem cell transplantation. The diagnosis was delayed by the finding of a positive serum galactomannan assay.