Successful Treatment with Linezolid of Meningitis Complicated with Subdural Empyema in a 6-Month-Old Boy


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Abstract

Recent findings have focused on the possible role of linezolid as a suitable candidate for the treatment of central nervous system infections. The linezolid treatment for meningitis was sporadically reported in adults but there was no report in children. Here, we present a 6-month-old boy with meningitis and subdural empyema which was unresponsive to more conventional agents but successfully treated with linezolid therapy. A previously healthy 6-month-old boy was referred to our clinic for deteriorating general condition with fever, vomiting and seizures. He had fever and tense-bulging anterior fontanelle. Based on his first cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results, empirical antibiotic therapy for bacterial meningitis consisting of vancomycin and ceftriaxone was started. However, CSF culture yielded no micro-organisms but blood culture showed coagulase-negative Staphylococci. On the 7th day, he still had high fever and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum CRP levels had risen by 105 mm/h and 36.2 mg/dl, respectively. On 10th day, computerized cranial tomography showed bilateral frontoparietal subdural empyema. Purulent material was evacuated by burr hole, and gram stains of the material showed polymorphonuclear leukocytes and no microorganisms. Clinical and CSF findings of our case were, unresponsiveness to vancomycin, ceftriaxone and consecutive meropenem treatment while we still observed subdural empyema during these treatments. For this reason we started linezolid 10 mg/kg twice daily. Clinical signs improved dramatically, with both completely normal neurological findings and normalization of CSF and radiological findings. To the of our best knowledge, linezolid treatment of meningitis in children has not been reported previously. Clinical and CSF findings of our case were improved completely with linezolid treatment. Also, control cranial computerized tomography showed the total recovery of subdural empyema. Here we present the youngest case with meningitis which was successfully treated with linezolid treatment.

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