The Incidence Rate of Premature Rupture of Membranes and its Influence on Fetal–neonatal Health: A Report From Mainland China

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Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a common pregnancy complication and is associated with significant risks of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, there is a lack of data concerning PROM in China. We investigated the incidence rate and analysed the influence of PROM on fetal and neonatal health. This used data from five specialist hospitals and one general hospital in mainland China. The total number of deliveries and the number of those complicated by PROM were recorded between January 2003 and December 2007. The time from initiation of PROM until delivery (latent period), the volume of amniotic fluid at delivery, fetal conditions and neonatal clinical conditions were recorded. The results suggest that the incidence of PROM was 19.53% and it could influence various aspects of the health of fetuses and neonates, including platelet parameters, erythrocyte parameters, neonatal jaundice and myocardial injury.

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