Clinical Features and Outcome of Children and Adolescents Hospitalized with Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection Compared with Flu-Like Symptoms and Negative Rapid Tests for Influenza A (H1N1) Admitted in the Same Period of Time

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This report describes the clinical features and outcome of 61 pediatric hospitalized patients with influenza-like infection. Fever, cough and respiratory distress were the most common symptoms of the infection. Fifteen patients presented positive RT–PCR results for influenza A (H1N1). The group with positive results was compared with the negative one. The main significant difference was antibiotic usage and the need of mechanical ventilation in the patients with H1N1-virus infection. Among the 11 patients who required intensive care due to respiratory failure, 3 from the positive group died and none from the negative group.

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