Presence of species within the Anopheles gambiae complex in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Abstract

Background

Anopheles gambiae s.l. is the primary vector of malaria in the Democratic Republic of Congo, however, there is little data on the species from this complex present in the country.

Methods

This paper presents the species collected (as determined by PCR) between 2004 and 2011 in 16 locations across the country.

Results and Conclusions

The two species from the An. gambiae complex that were detected were An. coluzzii and An. gambiae s.s. An. gambiae s.s. was predominant in eastern DRC, whereas An. coluzzii was the main species found in several locations in Bandundu. The species were also found in sympatry in several locations (Kinshasa, Kisangani, Lodja). These results provide a basis for future work, which is needed to accurately describe the distribution of the An. gambiae complex species in DRC.

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