Effect of recombinant malarial antigen on monocyte functionality

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Abstract

Background

Recombinant proteins and vaccine candidates of Plasmodium vivax have met with limited success. One of the reasons could be their effect on monocytes which are important in malaria pathogenesis. Our aim was therefore to investigate the effect of selected recombinant malarial proteins on monocytes functions.

Methods

Phagocytosis rate and respiratory burst of healthy individuals’ monocytes treated with antigens were examined. The homing capacity of monocytes was studied by examining the mRNA level of chemokine receptors from patients and healthy individuals.

Results

Phagocytosis rate was reduced in antigen treated monocytes whereas nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction was more in apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA-1) and merozoite surface protein-7 (MSP7) treated than in untreated and von Willebrand factor A domain-related protein (WARP) treated monocytes. Patient monocytes showed higher mRNA expression for CCR2 and CX3CR1 and reduced levels for CCR7 and CXCR4. AMA-1 and WARP treated monocytes showed lower expression for CCR2, CX3CR1 and CXCR4, but unchanged for CCR7. However, with MSP7, all the receptor levels were reduced. CX3CR1 in monocytes from activated PBMCs was either unchanged (AMA-1) or increased (MSP7, WARP) while remaining receptors were reduced.

Conclusions

These antigens may modulate the monocyte functionality and hence may not have desired therapeutic effect.

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