Two important genes for controlling TB are IFNγ and IFNγR1. However, little information exists regarding genetic susceptibility of the Iranian TB population.Methods
We investigated the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of IFNγ (+874 A/T) and IFNγR1 (−56 C/T) and serum level of IFNγ and their influence on TB in patients; 300 patients with TB and 300 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to identify SNPs and serum level of IFNγ was measured by ELISA.Results
The allelic and the genotypic form of IFNγ+874 A/T SNP of the studied population were not significant (p>0.05). Allele T frequencies of IFNγR1 −56 C/T promoter region in patients with pulmonary TB (PTB) or extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) were significantly greater than allele C. The -56 TT motif of IFNγR1 is associated with both forms of TB (p<0.05). The serum level of IFNγ was significantly higher in patients with TB than in controls, but there was no significant difference between serum level of IFNγ and the studied genotypes (p>0.05).Conclusions
The cause of active TB in the patients seems to be due to the lack of effective IFNγ function or the lack of effective signaling connection between IFNγ and its receptor in presence of −56 C/T polymorphism in promoter region of IFNγR1 gene.