Combined chemoradiation for head and neck region myxofibrosarcoma of the maxillary sinus

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Abstract

Aims and background.

Adult sarcomas of the head and neck region (HNSs) are considered a rare clinicopathological entity. They account for only 2-15% of all adult sarcomas and for less than 1% of all head and neck malignancies. The preferred initial treatment option is wide surgical excision. Whenever surgery is considered infeasible, a frontline combined-modality approach including radiotherapy and chemotherapy might be proposed. We here report on a case of localized sarcoma of the maxillary sinus treated with induction chemotherapy and subsequent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), achieving a persistent complete remission status.

Methods.

A 66-year-old man was referred to our institution hospital for left-sided facial pain with swollen left cheek and ipsilateral facial palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass within the left maxillary sinus extending to the orbital floor and adjacent alveolar bones. Histological examination of the biopsy specimen demonstrated a myxofibrosarcoma. The patient underwent induction chemotherapy with gemcitabine 900 mg/m2 (days 1-8) and taxotere 80 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 3 cycles and sequential simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) IMRT up to a total dose of 70 Gy/35 fractions to the macroscopic disease with 59.5 Gy/35 fractions to the level IBII lymph nodes in the left neck.

Results.

Treatment was well tolerated with mild acute toxicity. Complete remission was achieved at restaging MRI 6 months after the end of the combined modality approach. The patient remains in complete, unmaintained clinical and instrumental complete remission 18 months after treatment, with no late side effects.

Conclusion.

Combination therapy with induction chemotherapy and sequential SIBIMRT could therefore be a promising modality for head and neck sarcomas, allowing for simultaneous tumor control and normal tissue sparing.

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