Measurement of blood volume flow using Doppler ultrasound has traditionally required determination of the Doppler angle, vessel size, and shape of the velocity profile. In transcutaneous measurements of blood flow, this problem has been a serious drawback in clinical usage.
Volume flow is formally defined as the area integral of fluid flux normal to an arbitrary sample plane. Based on this definition, a pulsed Doppler volume flowmeter has been developed which measures flow normal to a thin uniformly illuminated sample volume. Calibration of the flowmeter is described, and implications for clinical use are discussed.