Prenatal microarray analysis as second-tier diagnostic test: single-center prospective study

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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the usefulness of chromosome microarrays as a second-tier test in prenatal genetic testing.

Methods

We prospectively analyzed 75 high-risk pregnancies undergoing invasive prenatal genetic testing in which the karyotype either was normal or had findings other than a common non-mosaic autosomal aneuploidy.

Results

Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was performed successfully in all cases. Pathological copy-number variations (CNVs) explaining the phenotypes were found in 11 cases (14.7%). Four cases were detected with an unbalanced translocation. In three of these cases, subsequent genetic analysis demonstrated that a parent was an unknown carrier of a balanced translocation. Among the 67 cases with normal karyo-types, submicroscopic rearrangements with pathological significance were detected in five (7.5%) and CNVs of unclear significance were detected in one (1.5%). CMA was able to discriminate correctly between true mosaicism and confined or pseudomosaicism in all six mosaic cases.

Conclusion

CMA is a valuable second-tier test in high-risk pregnancies for which identification or further delineation of genetic aberrations is important. Its higher resolution results in a higher detection rate of aberrant cases, with a clear clinical benefit for estimation of risk of recurrence. Copyright © 2013 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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