Energy trapping in power transmission through a circular cylindrical elastic shell by finite piezoelectric transducers

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We study the transmission of electric energy through a circular cylindrical elastic shell by acoustic wave propagation and piezoelectric transducers. Our mechanics model consists of a circular cylindrical elastic shell with finite piezoelectric patches on both sides of the shell. A theoretical analysis using the equations of elasticity and piezoelectricity is performed. A trigonometric series solution is obtained. Output voltage and transmitted power are calculated. Confinement and localization of the vibration energy (energy trapping) is studied which can only be understood from analyzing finite transducers. It is shown that when thickness-twist mode is used the structure shows energy trapping with which the vibration can be confined to the transducer region. It is also shown that energy trapping is sensitive to the geometric and physical parameters of the structure.

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