Optimal ultrasonic array focusing in attenuative media

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Abstract

Highlights

★ We presented a parametric study on the efficiency of ultrasound focusing in an attenuative medium, using phased arrays. ★ We determined optimum frequency for the best focusing performance, for a particular size of aperture and focal distance. ★ We investigated the effect of different f numbers on the focusing performance in the attenuative medium. ★ The information obtained from the analytical model provides guidelines for phased transducer array design and installation.

This paper presents a parametric study on the efficiency of ultrasound focusing in an attenuative medium, using phased arrays. Specifically, an analytical model of ultrasound wave focusing in a homogeneous, isotropic and attenuative fluid with point sources is presented. Calculations based on the model have shown that in an attenuative medium, an optimum frequency exists for the best focusing performance for a particular size of aperture and focal distance. The effect of different f numbers on the focusing performance in the attenuative medium is further investigated. The information obtained from the analytical model provides insights into the design and installation of a phased transducer array for energy efficient wave focusing.

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