Recent technological advancements in cardiac ultrasound imaging

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HighlightsRecent technological advancements in the field of cardiac ultrasound are reviewed.Contrast echocardiography has become an established practice in cardiac ultrasound.Standardization will translate these advancements for clinical cardiac imaging.About 92.1 million Americans suffer from at least one type of cardiovascular disease. Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death (about 31% of all global deaths). Recent technological advancements in cardiac ultrasound imaging are expected to aid in the clinical diagnosis of many cardiovascular diseases. This article provides an overview of such recent technological advancements, specifically focusing on tissue Doppler imaging, strain imaging, contrast echocardiography, 3D echocardiography, point-of-care echocardiography, 3D volumetric flow assessments, and elastography. With these advancements ultrasound imaging is rapidly changing the domain of cardiac imaging. The advantages offered by ultrasound imaging include real-time imaging, imaging at patient bed-side, cost-effectiveness and ionizing-radiation-free imaging. Along with these advantages, the steps taken towards standardization of ultrasound based quantitative markers, reviewed here, will play a major role in addressing the healthcare burden associated with cardiovascular diseases.

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