Identification of Genomic Alterations Associated With Metastasis and Cancer Specific Survival in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
We identified regions of DNA copy number changes that are significantly associated with metastasis and clinical outcome in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma.Materials and Methods
We analyzed 53 primary clear cell renal cell carcinomas, including 31 metastasized and 22 nonmetastasized tumors, by array comparative genomic hybridization with a median resolution of 1 to 1.5 Mbp. To validate copy number aberrations with potential prognostic value we performed fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis using commercially available fluorescent probes.Results
We identified 5 recurrent chromosomal aberrations that were significantly associated with metastasis, including gains of 1q21.3, 12q13.12, 12q13.3q14.1 and 20q11.21q13.2, and loss of 9p21.3p24.1. The most prominent of them with the highest OR for metastatic risk were loss of 9p21.3p24.1, and gains of 1q21.3 and 20q11.21q13.32. Eight alterations involving chromosomes 7, 9, 12, 16 and 20 significantly correlated with shortened cancer specific survival. The lowest p values on Kaplan-Meier analysis showed losses of 9p21.3p24.1 and 9q32q33.1, and gains of 7q36.3 and 20q11.21q13.32. Fluorescence in situ hybridization done in the same cohort for the 4 select regions 1q21.3, 7q36.3, 9p21.3p24.1 and 20q11.21q13.32 clearly confirmed the results of array comparative genomic hybridization.Conclusions
Data suggest that specific chromosomal alterations in clear cell renal cell carcinoma can be used to predict metastasis and cancer specific survival in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. It seems possible to design a combined fluorescence in situ hybridization assay based on these genetic targets for outcome prediction, which can be used for routine diagnostics.