Over half of all women are affected by urinary incontinence at some point during their lives. Due to patients' embarrassment and health care providers' reluctance to discuss this sensitive subject, many women may go untreated, and in turn, suffer with disruptive symptoms and co-morbid complications associated with urinary incontinence. This article highlights a literature review of the evaluation and management of female stress urinary incontinence using a corresponding case study example. Increasing awareness and implementing evidence-based, non-surgical treatment options are essential components of high-quality care for women with stress urinary incontinence. Urologic nurses and other health care professionals are in an ideal position to evaluate and identify strategies for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.