Novel association between bone mineral density scores and the prevalence of peripheral artery disease in both sexes


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Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) scores and the prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in a large cohort of subjects who underwent arterial Doppler assessments and calcaneal bone densitometry. The study was performed using data obtained from Life Line Screening Inc. Subjects were self-selected and paid for screening tests. The prevalence of PAD was significantly higher in men with osteopenia (4.5%) and osteoporosis (10.9%) compared to men with normal BMD (3.0%) (p<0.001). Osteopenia (odds ratio (OR) 1.3) and osteoporosis (OR 2.3) were found to be independent risk factors for the presence of PAD in men. The prevalence of PAD was significantly higher in women with osteopenia (4.8%) and osteoporosis (11.8%) compared to women with normal BMD (3.3%) (p<0.001). Osteopenia (OR 1.15) and osteoporosis (OR 1.8) were found to be independent risk factors for the presence of PAD in women. The current study reports a strong association of abnormal BMD analysis with the prevalence of PAD, which persists even when controlling for age and associated atherosclerotic risk factors. Although the mechanism by which these two disease processes is related is not completely elucidated, the presence of osteoporosis should make clinicians aware of the possibility of occult PAD or associated atherosclerotic disease in appropriate patients.

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