Open Repair of Inflammatory Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm and Aortocaval Fistula Using Retrograde Balloon Occlusion


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Abstract

Purpose:The purpose of this report is to describe a novel endovascular technique used to minimize blood loss during the open repair of an aortocaval fistula (ACF) in the context of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).Case Report:We describe a patient who presented to our hospital with a symptomatic infrarenal AAA which was discovered intraoperatively to contain a large ACF. The patient underwent successful transperitoneal open repair of the AAA with balloon occlusion of the inferior vena cava to obtain distal control of the vessel.Conclusions:Retrograde balloon occlusion of the inferior vena cava can be used to control hemorrhage during the open repair of an ACF, especially in the challenging setting of an inflammatory AAA.

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