Failure of Surgical and Endovascular Infrainguinal and Iliac Procedures in the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease Using Data from Electronic Medical Records

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Abstract

Purpose:

To understand rates of procedure failure among patients undergoing revascularization for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in clinical practice.

Materials and Methods:

This retrospective analysis of patients with PAD who underwent a PAD-related procedure used claims and electronic medical record data from 2005 to 2009. Procedures were grouped by type (endovascular [ie, angioplasty with/without stent, atherectomy] or surgical [ie, bypass surgery, endarterectomy, thrombectomy]) and site (ie, iliac, infrainguinal). The study assessed antiplatelet and anticoagulant agent use; procedure failure, defined as a subsequent procedure or amputation; and predictors of time to procedure failure.

Results:

A sample of 248 patients with PAD who underwent a PAD-related procedure was identified. The population was 59% male, had a mean age of 73 years, and had a mean follow-up of 23 months. Endovascular procedures alone were performed in 37% of patients, with the remainder receiving surgery only or surgery with an endovascular procedure, and 79% of patients had an infrainguinal intervention. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant use rates after the procedure were 90% and 25%, respectively. After their initial procedure, 20% of patients required a second procedure or amputation, with an average failure time of 228 days. Patients treated with infrainguinal procedures had a significantly higher failure rate versus those treated with iliac procedures (23% vs 8%; P = .011). In multivariate analysis, patients without anticoagulant use before the procedure were at significantly lower failure risk (P = .022).

Conclusions:

Repeated intervention and/or major amputation after revascularization of PAD was common. Further investigation of the factors associated with procedure failure is warranted.

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