Characterization and Outcomes of Iliac Vessel Injury in the 21st Century: A Review of the National Trauma Data Bank

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Abstract

Introduction:

Iliac vessel trauma (IVT) is traditionally associated with high mortality. We evaluated a modern series of patients with IVT to assess current outcomes and endovascular therapy use.

Methods:

We performed a retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank. Patients with IVT were stratified by blunt and penetrating mechanism and arterial and venous injury.

Results:

In blunt IVT, there was no significant difference in mortality between those with and without pelvic fractures (odds ratio [OR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36-1.06). In penetrating IVT, combined arterial and venous IVT was associated with higher mortality (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.06-2.70) compared to isolated arterial IVT. Isolated venous IVT was associated with lower mortality (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.35-0.85) compared to isolated arterial IVT. Endovascular stenting was utilized in 11.3% of blunt IVT with pelvic fractures, 6.3% of blunt IVT without pelvic fractures, and 1.8% of penetrating IVT.

Conclusion:

Iliac Vessel Trauma has significant mortality. Endovascular intervention for IVT is applied sparingly.

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