Characterization and Outcomes of Iliac Vessel Injury in the 21st Century: A Review of the National Trauma Data Bank

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Iliac vessel trauma (IVT) is traditionally associated with high mortality. We evaluated a modern series of patients with IVT to assess current outcomes and endovascular therapy use.


We performed a retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank. Patients with IVT were stratified by blunt and penetrating mechanism and arterial and venous injury.


In blunt IVT, there was no significant difference in mortality between those with and without pelvic fractures (odds ratio [OR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36-1.06). In penetrating IVT, combined arterial and venous IVT was associated with higher mortality (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.06-2.70) compared to isolated arterial IVT. Isolated venous IVT was associated with lower mortality (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.35-0.85) compared to isolated arterial IVT. Endovascular stenting was utilized in 11.3% of blunt IVT with pelvic fractures, 6.3% of blunt IVT without pelvic fractures, and 1.8% of penetrating IVT.


Iliac Vessel Trauma has significant mortality. Endovascular intervention for IVT is applied sparingly.

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