Everolimus-Eluting Stent for Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia and Infrapopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Critical limb ischemia (CLI), despite revascularization, may result in minor or major amputations with devastating psychological effects and a negative impact on patient survival. Randomized clinical trials demonstrated that drug-eluting stents improve 1-year primary patency and decrease target lesion revascularization, compared to standard angioplasty and bare-metal stents, in patients with short occlusive below-the-knee lesions.


This prospective clinical study was designed to evaluate if one straight-line flow revascularization to the foot, using Xience-Prime Everolimus-Eluting Stent (EES), is an effective treatment of patients in Rutherford-Becker category 4 to 5 with distal popliteal and proximal tibial arteries long occlusive lesions up to 10 cm.


All patients with angiographic documented segment P3 of popliteal artery and proximal tibial arteries stenosis >70%, and lesion length between 20 mm and 100 mm, meeting the inclusion criteria, were included in the Etna Registry. The end points assessed were 1- and 3-year primary patency, major amputation-free survival, target lesion revascularization, and wound healing rates.


Between June 2011 and April 2014, 122 patients were included in the study, with mean lesion length of 52.7 mm (range: 20-100 mm). The 1- and 3-year primary patency rates were 88.9% and 80.1%, respectively. The survival, major amputation-free survival, and target lesion revascularization rates were 88.1%, 93%, and 91.5% at 1-year and 70.4%, 89.3%, and 85.1% at 3-year follow-up, respectively. Primary patency influenced major amputation rate, which was 60% in patients with no target artery patency versus 5.4% in patients with patency (P = .022). At 1-year follow-up, 78 (88.6%) of 88 patients improved 1 or more of their Rutherford-Becker category, and 48 (80%) of 69 patients had wound healing.


The results of our study suggest that a conservative approach, with EES, seems feasible in selected patients with CLI and infrapopliteal artery occlusive disease.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles