Ex Vivo Repair of a Renal Artery Saccular Aneurysm in a Living-Nonrelated Donor and Subsequent Successful Kidney Transplantation

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The use of kidney grafts with aneurysmal disease involving the renal arteries for transplantation is very uncommon and relatively controversial. We herein present the case of a 52-year-old woman who volunteered to become a living-nonrelated donor; during the preoperative imaging workup, a computed tomography angiography revealed a 1.5-cm saccular aneurysm in the left kidney, while the contralateral renal artery was normal. We decided to utilize the left kidney for a 25-year-old male patient with end-stage renal disease, and following the ex vivo repair using the recipient epigastric vessels and saphenous veins, we completed the transplantation in the right pelvic fossa. The postoperative period was uneventful, and at 8 months from the surgery, the graft remains functional. The surgical repair of renal artery aneurysms followed by immediate kidney transplantation is a safe technique and an effective replacement therapy for recipients. The incidental finding of isolated aneurysmal disease in renal arteries should not exclude graft potential availability for transplantation following repair.

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