Intraluminal Brachytherapy Using a Self-Expandable Stent Loaded With Linear Iodine-125 Seeds in a Patient With Reiterative Recurrence of Cancer-Associated Vein Obstruction: A Case Report With 3 Months of Follow-Up

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Cancer-associated vein obstruction (CAVO) is a common complication in oncological patients, but the effective therapeutic options are scant. We report a patient with reiterative recurrent CAVO who was successfully treated with intraluminal brachytherapy using a self-expandable stent loaded with linear radioactive iodine-125 seeds (RIS) strand. During follow-up, her clinical symptoms were well improved. Three-month imaging follow-up revealed satisfactory patency of the iliofemoral vein, and the stents combined with RIS strands performed well. No serious complications associated with the implantation of stent and RIS strands were documented in any of the sessions. Intraluminal brachytherapy using a self-expandable stent loaded with linear RIS may be a safe and effective option for CAVO as long as it includes not only blood flow restoration but also brachytherapy administration for cancer.

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