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This study aimed to compare, using optical coherence tomography (OCT), the outcomes of bioabsorbable drug-eluting stent with those of bare metal stent (BMS) following implantation in porcine iliac artery.After the placement of BMS and bioabsorbable drug-eluting stents, we used OCT and digital subtraction angiography to investigate stent appositions, arterial neointima, evagination, and restenosis at 1 and 3 months.At 1 and 3 months after stent implantation, OCT study was performed to investigate 32 stents and 21 788 struts. Thirty-three malapposed struts were found in the bioabsorbable drug-eluting stent groups and 2 were found in BMS groups. The average neointimal thickness, area, and in-stent stenosis were significantly lower in bioabsorbable drug-eluting stents than in BMS, while the frequency of malapposed struts was higher in the bioresorbable drug-eluting stent groups. Average neointimal thickness was lower in bioabsorbable drug-eluting stents than in BMS at 1 (0.19 ± 0.09 vs 0.67 ± 0.75 mm; P < .001) and 3 months (0.21 ± 0.08 vs 1.52 ± 0.28 mm; P < .001).Our study suggested that bioabsorbable drug-eluting stent is more effective in decreasing arterial restenosis than BMS in animal models.