Reproductive system of the dog and cat – Part 3. Reproductive physiology of the bitch

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In order for a female animal to reproduce her species, she must first advertise her willingness to mate to the male animal, conceive and finally deliver healthy offspring. All of these processes involve the coordination of behaviour patterns and physical changes within the ovary and the reproductive tract which are controlled by the reproductive hormones. This article describes the oestrous cycle of the bitch, the process of ovulation and the complex controlling interrelationship between the four hormones secreted by the ovaries and by the pituitary glands.

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