NOVOBIOCIN INHIBITS BOTH UDP-GLUCURONOSYLTRANSFERASE AND CYTOCHROME P450-MEDIATED ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN PIG LIVER MICROSOMES


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Abstract

The effects of novobiocin (range 0.0125–2 mmol/L) on the hydroxylation of testosterone, the N-demethylation of erythromycin, and the glucuronidation of α-naphthol and paracetamol were studied using pig hepatic microsomes, pooled from five animals. The final concentrations of these substrates in the incubation mixtures were selected to meet Vmax conditions. Novobiocin caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the glucuronidation of paracetamol; the formation of α-naphthol-glucuronide was reduced to a lesser degree. These results confirm and extend earlier findings in laboratory animal species that novobiocin inhibits UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UDPGTs). Moreover, novobiocin strongly inhibited 6β-hydroxylation of testosterone. The microsomal N-demethylation of erythromycin and hydroxylation of testosterone at the 15α position were less affected by novobiocin. These results suggest that novobiocin inhibits not only UDPGTs, but also cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activities, probably those belonging to the CYP3A subfamily. More research is needed to reveal which CYPs and UDPGTs are affected by novobiocin in vivo, in order to improve the understanding and probably the predictability of potential drug interactions with this antibiotic.

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