Nuclear Morphometry in Relation to Lymph Node Status in Canine Mammary Carcinomas

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The assessment of nuclear area and nuclear shape by morphometric analysis, has been investigated in 40 canine mammary carcinomas in relation to their metastatic behaviour to regional lymph-nodes. The tumours were reviewed by two experienced pathologists blinded regarding their lymph-node status, and were classified according to the histogenetically based criteria suggested by Benjamin et al. (1999). Twenty of these tumours showed lymph-node metastases (node-positive), and the other twenty were node-negative. Node-positive tumours included 6 simple adenocarcinomas, 10 ductular carcinomas, 2 anaplastic carcinomas and 2 carcinomas in mixed tumours; node-negative tumours included 18 adenocarcinomas %96, 10 simple adenocarcinomas, 8 complex adenocarcinomas %96, and 2 carcinomas in mixed tumours. Node-positive tumours showed MNA and mean SDA values significantly higher (p<0.001) than node-negative carcinomas. Data of this study, seems to confirm the importance of an histogenetically based classification in canine mammary tumours, also suggesting that morphometry may increase our prognostic performances allowing a reproducible method for detecting individual tumours with higher metastatic potential.

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