The Effect of Cancellous Autograft and Novel Plate Design on Radiographic Healing and Postoperative Complications in Tibial Tuberosity Advancement for Cranial Cruciate-Deficient Canine Stifles


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Abstract

Objective:To assess the effect of autogenous cancellous bone graft (autograft) and novel plate use on radiographic healing and complications in tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient stifles in dogs.Study Design:Prospective clinical study.Animals:Consecutive dogs (n=125) with unilateral CrCL-deficient stifles.Methods:Four treatment groups: CPG, conventional plate with autograft; CPNG, conventional plate without autograft; NPG, novel plate with autograft; NPNG, novel plate without autograft were studied. Radiographs from 60 dogs were scored for healing at 6 and 10 weeks postoperatively; all 125 dogs were assessed for radiographic complications. Variables evaluated for relationship with healing scores and radiographic complications were age, weight, sex, cage and plate size, implant type, and graft use.Results:Dogs with autograft had overall higher healing scores at 6 and 10 weeks. Radiographic complications occurred in 13 dogs (12 minor, 1 major), and were not influenced by graft or novel plate use.Conclusion:Autograft increases healing scores, but was not found to have a significant impact on the rate of complications in TTA. The novel plate was not found to have healing scores or radiographic complication rates significantly different from the conventional plate design.

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